Sustainable buildings made from rubbish - Earthships
These off-the-grid homes are made from mainly recycled materials and natural resources.
Earthships are a type of off-the-grid home built from old tyres and glass bottles and interest in them is increasing as people look for ways to live more sustainably in the face of climate change.
Mike Reynolds graduated with a degree in architecture in 1969. He then moved from Ohio to Taos, New Mexico, where he started experimenting with ways to solve two perennial problems simultaneously: too much rubbish and not enough affordable housing.
Reynolds eventually landed on a style of building he named an “Earthship,” and while each one is unique, they’re all designed to rely heavily on recycled materials and natural resources.
The walls of Earthships are typically made from dirt-filled rubber tyres covered in concrete. The buildings rely on solar and wind power, have built-in rainwater collection and filtration systems, and include greenhouses that can typically produce 20% to 50% of a resident’s food.
The Earthship era: The design did catch on with people interested in off-grid living, but according to the WaPo article, many early Earthships would sit unoccupied for years. Now, with climate change putting sustainability at the forefront of many people’s minds, interest in Earthships is growing, and Reynold’s construction company, Earthship Biotecture, is now selling some homes before it even finishes building them. In addition to constructing new Earthships, Reynold’s company also runs an academy where people can pay $1,000 to learn how to build and maintain Earthships themselves.
Earthships aren’t for everyone. They take significant effort to build and maintain, and some people simply might not like the look of the structures. They can also be incredibly expensive to construct (though energy and food savings help offset the cost).
However, the increased interest in these unique buildings is a positive sign that the dream of a solarpunk future could still become a reality.